Use this website to share your legal mind. Please feel free to post your Suggested Answers to these Bar Questions. You can also view and response to the opinions of others.

1. Foreign Judgments

(Total 10%)

(a) What are the rules on the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in our courts? (6%)

(b) Can a foreign arbitral award be enforced in the Philippines under those rules? Explain briefly. (2%)

(c) How about a global injunction issued by a foreign court to prevent dissipation of funds against a defendant therein who has assets in the Philippines? Explain briefly. (2%)

2.True or False

(Total 10%)

True or False. If the answer is false, explain your answer briefly.

(a) The surviving parties rule bars Maria from testifying for the claimant as to what the deceased Jose had said to her, in a claim filed by Pedro against the estate of Jose. (3%)

(b) A defendant who has been declared in default can avail of a petition for relief from the judgment subsequently rendered in the case. (3%)

(c) A motion is a pleading. (2%)

(d) A counterclaim is a pleading. (2%)

3. What you HEAR is what you SAY.

(Total 10%)

(a) What is the hearsay rule? (5%)

(b) In relation to the hearsay rule, what do the following rules of evidence have in common? (5%)

(1) The rule on statements that are part of the res gestae;

(2) The rule on dying declarations;

(3) The rule on admissions against interest.

4. Pendency


Husband H files a petition for declaration of nullity of marriage before the RTC of Pasig City. Wife W files a petition for habeas corpus before the RTC of Pasay City, praying for custody over their minor child. H files a motion to dismiss the wife’s petition on the ground of the pendency of the other case. Rule.

5. Demurrer

(Total 10%)

(a) Distinguish the effects of the filing of a demurrer to the evidence in a criminal case and its filing in a civil case. (5%)

(b) What is reverse trial and when may it be resorted to?

Explain briefly. (5%)


(Total 10%)

(a) On his way home, a member of the Caloocan City police force witnesses a bus robbery in Pasay City and effects the arrest of the suspect. Can he bring the suspect to Caloocan City for booking since that is where his station is? Explain briefly. (5%)

(b) In the course of serving a search warrant, the police finds an unlicensed firearm. Can the police take the firearm even if it is not covered by the search warrant?

If the warrant is subsequently quashed, is the police required to return the firearm? Explain briefly. (5%)


(Total 10%)

(a) B files a petition for cancellation of the birth certificate of her daughter R on the ground of falsified material entries therein made by B’s husband as the informant. The RTC sets the case for hearing and directs the publication of the order once a week for three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation. Summons was served on the Civil Registrar but there was no appearance during the hearing. The RTC granted the petition. R filed a petition for annulment of judgment before the Court of Appeals, saying that she was not notified of the petition and hence, the decision was issued in violation of due process. B opposed saying that the publication of the court order was sufficient compliance with due process. Rule. (5%)

(b) G files a complaint for recovery of possession and damages against F. In the course of the trial, G marked his evidence but his counsel failed to file a formal offer of evidence. F then presented in evidence tax declarations in the name of his father to establish that his father is a co-owner of the property. The court ruled in favor of F, saying that G failed to prove sole ownership of the property in the face of F’s evidence.

Was the court correct? Explain briefly. (5%)


(Total 10%)

(a) X files an unlawful detainer case against Y before the appropriate Metropolitan Trial Court. In his answer, Y avers as a special and affirmative defense that he is a tenant of X’s deceased father in whose name the property remains registered. What should the court do?

Explain briefly. (5%)

(b) The heirs of H agree among themselves that they will honor the division of H’s estate as indicated in her Last Will and Testament. To avoid the expense of going to court in a Petition for Probate of the Will, can they instead execute an Extrajudicial Settlement Agreement among themselves? Explain briefly. (5%)

9. Mandamus


L was charged with illegal possession of shabu before the RTC. Although bail was allowable under his indictment, he could not afford to post bail, and so he remained in detention at the City Jail. For various reasons ranging from the promotion of the Presiding Judge, to the absence of the trial prosecutor, and to the lack of notice to the City Jail Warden, the arraignment of L was postponed nineteen times over a period of two years. Twice during that period, L’s counsel filed motions to dismiss, invoking the right of the accused to a speedy trial. Both motions were denied by the RTC. Can L file a petition for mandamus? Reason briefly.


(Total 10%)

(a) RC filed a complaint for annulment of the foreclosure sale against Bank V. In its answer, Bank V set up a counterclaim for actual damages and litigation expenses. RC filed a motion to dismiss the counterclaim on the ground that Bank V’s Answer with Counterclaim was not accompanied by a certification against forum shopping. Rule. (5%)

(b) A files a case against B. While awaiting decision on the case, A goes to the United States to work. Upon her return to the Philippines, seven years later, A discovers that a decision was rendered by the court in her favor a few months after she had left. Can A file a motion for execution of the judgment? Reason briefly. (5%)